In this post, we will detail out the syllabus we have created for our Foundation program. This is designed keeping in mind the basic needs of our Class 9 students that goes beyond just the regular curriculum and preIIT context but also ensuring they get the right conceptual clarity for the topics in consideration.
PHYSICS SYLLABUS
Unit  Lecture Content 
Motion

Intro to physics, scalars, vectors, distance, displacement 
velocity, speed, average speed  
acceleration, numericals  
equations of motion, motion under gravity  
Graph (slope) and quadratic equations, distance time graphs  
velocity time graph, question practice  
uniform circular motion, centripetal acceleration  
Numerical Practice  
Board practice and test  
Laws of motion

Forces, effect of force, aristotle fallacy, galileo’s remedy 
First law of motion, Inertia  
Linear momentum, impulse, second law of motion  
Third law of motion, examples on laws of motion  
Conservation of linear momentum  
School revision practice (Relative Motion in straight line)  
Revision and test  
Gravitation

Fundamental forces in nature, law of gravitation, universal gravitation constant 
Motion of planets, Kepler’s law, Centripetal force  
Variation of g (with height, depth, shape), NCERT Practice  
Free fall, motion under gravity, mass and weight (NCERT practice)  
Weightlessness, Chapter test  
Floatation

Pressure,Thrust,Liquid pressure 
Buoyancy, archimede’s principle, Floating bodies  
Law of floatation, desnsity, relative density  
Chapter test  
Heat

Intro to heat and thermometry 
Thermal expansion of matter  
Practice  
Work, Power and energy

Trigonometry 
Work  
Energy : Types, kinetic energy  
Potential energy, Transformation of energy  
Conservation of energy, Power  
Question Practice  
Revision and test  
Sound

Production, propagation, nature of waves 
Wave characteristics  
Speed of sound, range of human ear, sonic boom  
Reflection of sound, SONAR  
Forced vibrations and resonance  
Problem practice  
Electricity

Charges, charging 
Potential difference, Ohm’s law  
ohmic and non ohmic conductor, resistance, resistivity  
resistance combination  
Heating effect of current, electric power  
Numerical Practice  
Magnets, magnetic field, magnetic field lines  
Reflection of light

Nature of light, terms related to light, Law of reflection, Object, image discussion 
Lateral inversion, some fact related to reflection of light, spherical mirrors intro  
Spherical mirrors terms, image formation by spherical mirrors  
Image formation continued, mirror formula  
Numerical Practice 
CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS
Unit  Lecture Content 
Matter in our surroundings

Matter, Properties, Activities (NCERT), States of matter 
States of matter & their properties  
Effect of temp. on various states of matter  
Effect of pressure, Evaporation  
Law of conservation of mass  
Boyle’s law, Charle’s law  
temperature and pressure, Gas equation  
Practice  
Practice Lecture  
Is matter around

Mixture, Substance, Compound, Element, Alloys, Solution and Types, Suspension 
Colloids and their types, dispersed phase & dispersion medium & conc. of Solution  
Numericals, physical and chemical changes  
Centrifugation, Sublimation, distillation and its types, use of seperating funnel  
Recrystallisation, Air and water purification  
Practice Lecture + Lab class and activities  
Revision/Test + Lab class Continued  
Atoms & Molecules

Language of chemistry 
Physical and chemical change  
Atom, Discovery of atom, subatomic particles, symbols, size of atom, Dalton’s theory  
Laws and numericals  
Atomic symbols, formulae of simple compounds  
Atomicity, Aromic mass, Molecular on mass and their definition  
Mole concept + Gram Atomic mass and Gram Molecular mass  
Mole concept + Gram Atomic mass and Gram Molecular mass  
Water  
Practice class + Advance Class (laws)  
Revision/Test + Advance class (Mole concept)  
Structure of the atom

Charged particles, Cathode/Anode Ray Exp, Thomson’s model 
Rutherford & Bohr’s Model  
Discovery of subatomic particles and electronic distribution in shells  
Valency of various elements, Oxidation number, Atomic number and Atomic mass  
Isotopes, Isobars, Isotones, Isodiaphers and Isoelectronic species  
Practice  
Practice Lecture + Revision/ Test  
Periodic properties

Dobernierls Triads, Newland’s law, Introduction ot Mendeelev Periodic Table 
Mendeelev Perodic Table & its anomalies  
Moderm Periodic Table and Position of Hydrogen  
Characteristics of Periods & Groups  
Periodicity trends  
Periodicity trends  
Practice / Advance (Detailed periodicity)  
Hydrogen

Production of hydrogen 
Production of hydrogen  
Practice  
Advance Topics

Quantum Numbers and Electronic Configuration 
Mole concept + Molarity, Molality  
Normality, Equivalent concept  
Laws of chemical combinations  
Colliods lyophillic and lyophobic and examples. Techiques for elemental detection 
BIOLOGY SYLLABUS
Unit  Lecture Content 
The Fundamental unit of life

Discovery of cell, Cell theory; Activity 5.1 What are living organisms made of? Microscope, Types of organisms 
Type of cells; Activity 5.2; cell shape, cell size, cell number, cell volume  
Cell organisation: Plasma membrane and its functions, Activity 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6  
Cell wall, Nucleus, Activity 5.7  
Cytoplasm, cell organelles – Endomembrane system  
Mitochondria, Plastids  
Chapter revision and sybjective test  
Tissues

Introduction – Are plants and animals made of same types of tissues? Plant tissues – Classification, Activity 6.1 
Desoription of meristematic, Simple permanent tissues  
Protestine tissues, Activity 6.3, complex permanent tissues  
Animal tissues – classification, epithelial tissue  
Connective tissues, Muscular tissues, nervous tissues  
Chapter revision and sybjective test  
Improvement in food resources

Crop production, crop season, Improvement in yields 
Crop variety improvement  
Crop production management Nutrition management and water requirement of plants  
Cropping patterns, crop protection management  
Storage of grains, animal husbandry – cattle farming  
poultry farming, fish production, bee keeping  
Chapter revision and sybjective test  
Diversity in living organisms

Basis of classification, classification and evolution, heirarchy of classification, system of classification 
Kingdom monera, kingdom protista, kingdom fungi  
Kingdom plantae  
Kingdom animalia – I  
Kingdom animalia – II  
Kingdom animalia – III, nomeclature  
Economic importance of bacteria  
Economic importance of fungi  
Chapter revision and sybjective test  
Why do we fall ill

Health its significance personal and community health, Disease and its causes, types of diseases 
Infections and noninfectious diseases, deficiency disease, means of spread of communicable diseases  
Symptom of diseases, principles of treatment, prevention, vaccination  
Bacteria  
Virus  
Parasites  
Chapter revision and sybjective test  
Natural Resources

Classification of natural resources, air, composition of atmosphere and its layers, role in climate control 
Air pollution, sources and its harmful effects, acid rain, ozone depletion, global warming, water pollution  
Nitrogen cycle, nitrogen fixation, carbon cycle  
Oxygen cycle  
Chapter revision and sybjective test  
Extra Topics

Dicot and monocot seed 
Germination of seeds  
Respiration in plants  
Respiration in plants  
Nurition : Classes of food, functions of carbohydrates, fats, protiens, minerals, water and vitamins  
Structure of tooth  
Digestive system  
Digestive system  
Function of skelton, axial and appendicular skelton  
Types of joints, structure and function of skin  
Skin  
Human repiratory system I  
Human repiratory system II 
MATHEMATICS SYLLABUS
Unit  Lecture Content 
Number Systems

Numbers: Number Line (Rational). Decimal representation. Conversion of decimals into rational 
Non terminating recurring to p/q, Irrational No.s,  
Irrational number on number line Addition of 2 Nonterminating recurring decimals.  
Properties of exponents, Question on exponents.  
Question on exponents; Rationalisation  
Question on Rationalisation.  
Coordinate Geometry I

Quadrants, Cartesian coordinate system Pts in Quadrant, Questions 
Straight line graph and plotting  
Concept of slope and yintercept  
Polynomials

Algebraic Identities; Question; Polynomials definition 
Question on identities and Rationalisation using identities  
Question on identities; Factorization.  
Factorization using identities and splitting the middle term, Cubic factorization.  
Zeroes of polynomial, Remainder theorem  
Factor theorem; Long division.  
Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry  Aximos, postulates, Definitions theorem,Question 
Lines and Angles

Types of angles; linear pair; Angle in a circle; Vertically opposite angles. Questions on Angles 
parallel lines, Transversal,corresponding and other angle properties. Question on angles and parallel lines.  
Questions.  
Triangles I

Types; Angle sum property; Questions 
Exterior angle; Questions  
Buffer  
Congruency of triangles; Congruency rules  
isosceles triangle properties; Questions  
Questions on congruency  
NCERT and other Questions  
Inequality in a triangle.  
Heron’s Formula

Different types figures and their areas, Heron’s formula. Pythagoras theorem 
Questions on Heron’s formula  
NCERT and other Questions  
Exponents and Logarithms

Expansions and Factorization 
Indices and exponents  
Logarithms – intro  
Laws of logarithms  
Problem practice  
Linear Equations in Two Variables

One variable, Two variable equations solution of linear equations 
Graph of linear equations in two variables. Questions on graph  
Questions on solution of linear equations in two variable. NCERT.  
Extra Question on linear equations.  
Quadrilaterals

Types of Quadrilaterals, Polygon; Angle, sum property of Quadrilateral. 
Trapezium, isosceles trapezium, Parallelogram and properties of parallelogram and Rhombus  
Question on parallelogram/Rhombus  
Properties of Questions on parallelogram.  
Properties of rectangle, Rhombus and Square. Questions.  
Midpoint Theorem; Converse; Questions.  
Questions; Miscellaneous  
Commercial Maths

Profit and loss 
Compound Interest  
Problem practice  
Area of Parallelogram and Triangle

Properties/ theorem on areas Questions 
Triangles on same base and between the same parallel. Questions  
Questions  
NCERT full exercise and other Questions  
Buffer  
Trigonometry

Trigonometric ratios – Intro 
Trigonometric ratios of standard angles  
Concept of sine and cosine being complementry  
Problem practice  
Constructions

Bisector of line segment, bisector of angle, Construction of same standard angles, Construction of triangles 
Questions  
Surface Area and Volume

Cube, Cubiod 
Questions  
Cylinder  
Questions  
Cone  
Questions  
Sphere, Hemisphere  
Questions.  
Circles

Arc of circle, degree measure of arc, Congruent arcs, Chord, Sector, Segment. Results on congruent arcs and chords 
Questions  
Questions  
Results on equal chords; Questions.  
Angle subtended by arc at cnetre and in the segment.  
Questions  
Questions  
Cyclic quadrilateral results.  
Questions  
Questions  
Statistics

Tally marks, frequency, table data, cumulative frequency 
Bar graph; Histogram  
Frequency polygon; Mean  
Mean of grouped data; Median; Mode  
Probability  Definition; Questions 
Triangles II

Midpoint Theorem 
Midpoint Theorem  
Similar Triangles; Basic Proportionality Theorem converse of BPT  
Questions on BPT  
Internal and external bisector theorem, Questions.  
Theorems based on B.P.T.  
Critertia for similarity of Triangles. (A.A.A), (S.S.S), (S.A.S); Questions.  
Questions  
Questions  
more on similarity of triangles (median, altitude angle bisector), Questions  
Areas of two similar Triangles. Questions  
Pythagoras theorem  
Extra Questions  
Coordinate Geometry II

Definition; Distance formula; Questions 
Section formula; Questions  
Area of triangle; Question  
Mix Problems.  
Equation of a line  
Equation of a line  
Problem practice 
David Angel Makel
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David Angel Makel
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