In this post, we will detail out the syllabus we have created for our Foundation program. This is designed keeping in mind the basic needs of our Class 9 students that goes beyond just the regular curriculum and pre-IIT context but also ensuring they get the right conceptual clarity for the topics in consideration.

PHYSICS SYLLABUS

Unit Lecture Content
Motion
Intro to physics, scalars, vectors, distance, displacement
velocity, speed, average speed
acceleration, numericals
equations of motion, motion under gravity
Graph (slope) and quadratic equations, distance time graphs
velocity time graph, question practice
uniform circular motion, centripetal acceleration
Numerical Practice
Board practice and test
Laws of motion
Forces, effect of force, aristotle fallacy, galileo’s remedy
First law of motion, Inertia
Linear momentum, impulse, second law of motion
Third law of motion, examples on laws of motion
Conservation of linear momentum
School revision practice (Relative Motion in straight line)
Revision and test
Gravitation
Fundamental forces in nature, law of gravitation, universal gravitation constant
Motion of planets, Kepler’s law, Centripetal force
Variation of g (with height, depth, shape), NCERT Practice
Free fall, motion under gravity, mass and weight (NCERT practice)
Weightlessness, Chapter test
Floatation
Pressure,Thrust,Liquid pressure
Buoyancy, archimede’s principle, Floating bodies
Law of floatation, desnsity, relative density
Chapter test
Heat
Intro to heat and thermometry
Thermal expansion of matter
Practice
Work, Power and energy
Trigonometry
Work
Energy : Types, kinetic energy
Potential energy, Transformation of energy
Conservation of energy, Power
Question Practice
Revision and test
Sound
Production, propagation, nature of waves
Wave characteristics
Speed of sound, range of human ear, sonic boom
Reflection of sound, SONAR
Forced vibrations and resonance
Problem practice
Electricity
Charges, charging
Potential difference, Ohm’s law
ohmic and non ohmic conductor, resistance, resistivity
resistance combination
Heating effect of current, electric power
Numerical Practice
Magnets, magnetic field, magnetic field lines
Reflection of light
Nature of light, terms related to light, Law of reflection, Object, image discussion
Lateral inversion, some fact related to reflection of light, spherical mirrors intro
Spherical mirrors terms, image formation by spherical mirrors
Image formation continued, mirror formula
Numerical Practice

CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS

Unit Lecture Content
Matter in our surroundings
Matter, Properties, Activities (NCERT), States of matter
States of matter & their properties
Effect of temp. on various states of matter
Effect of pressure, Evaporation
Law of conservation of mass
Boyle’s law, Charle’s law
temperature and pressure, Gas equation
Practice
Practice Lecture
Is matter around
Mixture, Substance, Compound, Element, Alloys, Solution and Types, Suspension
Colloids and their types, dispersed phase & dispersion medium & conc. of Solution
Numericals, physical and chemical changes
Centrifugation, Sublimation, distillation and its types, use of seperating funnel
Recrystallisation, Air and water purification
Practice Lecture + Lab class and activities
Revision/Test + Lab class Continued
Atoms & Molecules
Language of chemistry
Physical and chemical change
Atom, Discovery of atom, sub-atomic particles, symbols, size of atom, Dalton’s theory
Laws and numericals
Atomic symbols, formulae of simple compounds
Atomicity, Aromic mass, Molecular on mass and their definition
Mole concept + Gram Atomic mass and Gram Molecular mass
Mole concept + Gram Atomic mass and Gram Molecular mass
Water
Practice class + Advance Class (laws)
Revision/Test + Advance class (Mole concept)
Structure of the atom
Charged particles, Cathode/Anode Ray Exp, Thomson’s model
Rutherford & Bohr’s Model
Discovery of sub-atomic particles and electronic distribution in shells
Valency of various elements, Oxidation number, Atomic number and Atomic mass
Isotopes, Isobars, Isotones, Isodiaphers and Isoelectronic species
Practice
Practice Lecture + Revision/ Test
Periodic properties
Dobernierls Triads, Newland’s law, Introduction ot Mendeelev Periodic Table
Mendeelev Perodic Table & its anomalies
Moderm Periodic Table and Position of Hydrogen
Characteristics of Periods & Groups
Periodicity trends
Periodicity trends
Practice / Advance (Detailed periodicity)
Hydrogen
Production of hydrogen
Production of hydrogen
Practice
Advance Topics
Quantum Numbers and Electronic Configuration
Mole concept + Molarity, Molality
Normality, Equivalent concept
Laws of chemical combinations
Colliods- lyophillic and lyophobic and examples.
Techiques for elemental detection

BIOLOGY SYLLABUS

Unit Lecture Content
The Fundamental unit of life
Discovery of cell, Cell theory; Activity 5.1 What are living organisms made of? Microscope, Types of organisms
Type of cells; Activity 5.2; cell shape, cell size, cell number, cell volume
Cell organisation:- Plasma membrane and its functions, Activity 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6
Cell wall, Nucleus, Activity 5.7
Cytoplasm, cell organelles – Endomembrane system
Mitochondria, Plastids
Chapter revision and sybjective test
Tissues
Introduction – Are plants and animals made of same types of tissues? Plant tissues – Classification, Activity 6.1
Desoription of meristematic, Simple permanent tissues
Protestine tissues, Activity 6.3, complex permanent tissues
Animal tissues – classification, epithelial tissue
Connective tissues, Muscular tissues, nervous tissues
Chapter revision and sybjective test
Improvement in food resources
Crop production, crop season, Improvement in yields
Crop variety improvement
Crop production management- Nutrition management and water requirement of plants
Cropping patterns, crop protection management
Storage of grains, animal husbandry – cattle farming
poultry farming, fish production, bee keeping
Chapter revision and sybjective test
Diversity in living organisms
Basis of classification, classification and evolution, heirarchy of classification, system of classification
Kingdom monera, kingdom protista, kingdom fungi
Kingdom plantae
Kingdom animalia – I
Kingdom animalia – II
Kingdom animalia – III, nomeclature
Economic importance of bacteria
Economic importance of fungi
Chapter revision and sybjective test
Why do we fall ill
Health- its significance personal and community health, Disease and its causes, types of diseases
Infections and non-infectious diseases, deficiency disease, means of spread of communicable diseases
Symptom of diseases, principles of treatment, prevention, vaccination
Bacteria
Virus
Parasites
Chapter revision and sybjective test
Natural Resources
Classification of natural resources, air, composition of atmosphere and its layers, role in climate control
Air pollution, sources and its harmful effects, acid rain, ozone depletion, global warming, water pollution
Nitrogen cycle, nitrogen fixation, carbon cycle
Oxygen cycle
Chapter revision and sybjective test
Extra Topics
Dicot and monocot seed
Germination of seeds
Respiration in plants
Respiration in plants
Nurition : Classes of food, functions of carbohydrates, fats, protiens, minerals, water and vitamins
Structure of tooth
Digestive system
Digestive system
Function of skelton, axial and appendicular skelton
Types of joints, structure and function of skin
Skin
Human repiratory system I
Human repiratory system II

MATHEMATICS SYLLABUS

Unit Lecture Content
Number Systems
Numbers: Number Line (Rational). Decimal representation. Conversion of decimals into rational
Non terminating recurring to p/q, Irrational No.s,
Irrational number on number line Addition of 2 Nonterminating recurring decimals.
Properties of exponents, Question on exponents.
Question on exponents; Rationalisation
Question on Rationalisation.
Coordinate Geometry I
Quadrants, Cartesian coordinate system Pts in Quadrant, Questions
Straight line graph and plotting
Concept of slope and y-intercept
Polynomials
Algebraic Identities; Question; Polynomials definition
Question on identities and Rationalisation using identities
Question on identities; Factorization.
Factorization using identities and splitting the middle term, Cubic factorization.
Zeroes of polynomial, Remainder theorem
Factor theorem; Long division.
Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry Aximos, postulates, Definitions theorem,Question
Lines and Angles
Types of angles; linear pair; Angle in a circle; Vertically opposite angles. Questions on Angles
parallel lines, Transversal,corresponding and other angle properties. Question on angles and parallel lines.
Questions.
Triangles I
Types; Angle sum property; Questions
Exterior angle; Questions
Buffer
Congruency of triangles; Congruency rules
isosceles triangle properties; Questions
Questions on congruency
NCERT and other Questions
Inequality in a triangle.
Heron’s Formula
Different types figures and their areas, Heron’s formula. Pythagoras theorem
Questions on Heron’s formula
NCERT and other Questions
Exponents and Logarithms
Expansions and Factorization
Indices and exponents
Logarithms – intro
Laws of logarithms
Problem practice
Linear Equations in Two Variables
One variable, Two variable equations solution of linear equations
Graph of linear equations in two variables. Questions on graph
Questions on solution of linear equations in two variable. NCERT.
Extra Question on linear equations.
Quadrilaterals
Types of Quadrilaterals, Polygon; Angle, sum property of Quadrilateral.
Trapezium, isosceles trapezium, Parallelogram and properties of parallelogram and Rhombus
Question on parallelogram/Rhombus
Properties of Questions on parallelogram.
Properties of rectangle, Rhombus and Square. Questions.
Midpoint Theorem; Converse; Questions.
Questions; Miscellaneous
Commercial Maths
Profit and loss
Compound Interest
Problem practice
Area of Parallelogram and Triangle
Properties/ theorem on areas Questions
Triangles on same base and between the same parallel. Questions
Questions
NCERT full exercise and other Questions
Buffer
Trigonometry
Trigonometric ratios – Intro
Trigonometric ratios of standard angles
Concept of sine and cosine being complementry
Problem practice
Constructions
Bisector of line segment, bisector of angle, Construction of same standard angles, Construction of triangles
Questions
Surface Area and Volume
Cube, Cubiod
Questions
Cylinder
Questions
Cone
Questions
Sphere, Hemisphere
Questions.
Circles
Arc of circle, degree measure of arc, Congruent arcs, Chord, Sector, Segment. Results on congruent arcs and chords
Questions
Questions
Results on equal chords; Questions.
Angle subtended by arc at cnetre and in the segment.
Questions
Questions
Cyclic quadrilateral results.
Questions
Questions
Statistics
Tally marks, frequency, table data, cumulative frequency
Bar graph; Histogram
Frequency polygon; Mean
Mean of grouped data; Median; Mode
Probability Definition; Questions
Triangles II
Midpoint Theorem
Midpoint Theorem
Similar Triangles; Basic Proportionality Theorem converse of BPT
Questions on BPT
Internal and external bisector theorem, Questions.
Theorems based on B.P.T.
Critertia for similarity of Triangles. (A.A.A), (S.S.S), (S.A.S); Questions.
Questions
Questions
more on similarity of triangles (median, altitude angle bisector), Questions
Areas of two similar Triangles. Questions
Pythagoras theorem
Extra Questions
Coordinate Geometry II
Definition; Distance formula; Questions
Section formula; Questions
Area of triangle; Question
Mix Problems.
Equation of a line
Equation of a line
Problem practice