In this post, we will detail out the syllabus we have created for our Foundation program. This is designed keeping in mind the basic needs of our Class 9 students that goes beyond just the regular curriculum and pre-IIT context but also ensuring they get the right conceptual clarity for the topics in consideration.

### PHYSICS SYLLABUS

 Unit Lecture Content Motion Intro to physics, scalars, vectors, distance, displacement velocity, speed, average speed acceleration, numericals equations of motion, motion under gravity Graph (slope) and quadratic equations, distance time graphs velocity time graph, question practice uniform circular motion, centripetal acceleration Numerical Practice Board practice and test Laws of motion Forces, effect of force, aristotle fallacy, galileo’s remedy First law of motion, Inertia Linear momentum, impulse, second law of motion Third law of motion, examples on laws of motion Conservation of linear momentum School revision practice (Relative Motion in straight line) Revision and test Gravitation Fundamental forces in nature, law of gravitation, universal gravitation constant Motion of planets, Kepler’s law, Centripetal force Variation of g (with height, depth, shape), NCERT Practice Free fall, motion under gravity, mass and weight (NCERT practice) Weightlessness, Chapter test Floatation Pressure,Thrust,Liquid pressure Buoyancy, archimede’s principle, Floating bodies Law of floatation, desnsity, relative density Chapter test Heat Intro to heat and thermometry Thermal expansion of matter Practice Work, Power and energy Trigonometry Work Energy : Types, kinetic energy Potential energy, Transformation of energy Conservation of energy, Power Question Practice Revision and test Sound Production, propagation, nature of waves Wave characteristics Speed of sound, range of human ear, sonic boom Reflection of sound, SONAR Forced vibrations and resonance Problem practice Electricity Charges, charging Potential difference, Ohm’s law ohmic and non ohmic conductor, resistance, resistivity resistance combination Heating effect of current, electric power Numerical Practice Magnets, magnetic field, magnetic field lines Reflection of light Nature of light, terms related to light, Law of reflection, Object, image discussion Lateral inversion, some fact related to reflection of light, spherical mirrors intro Spherical mirrors terms, image formation by spherical mirrors Image formation continued, mirror formula Numerical Practice

### CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS

 Unit Lecture Content Matter in our surroundings Matter, Properties, Activities (NCERT), States of matter States of matter & their properties Effect of temp. on various states of matter Effect of pressure, Evaporation Law of conservation of mass Boyle’s law, Charle’s law temperature and pressure, Gas equation Practice Practice Lecture Is matter around Mixture, Substance, Compound, Element, Alloys, Solution and Types, Suspension Colloids and their types, dispersed phase & dispersion medium & conc. of Solution Numericals, physical and chemical changes Centrifugation, Sublimation, distillation and its types, use of seperating funnel Recrystallisation, Air and water purification Practice Lecture + Lab class and activities Revision/Test + Lab class Continued Atoms & Molecules Language of chemistry Physical and chemical change Atom, Discovery of atom, sub-atomic particles, symbols, size of atom, Dalton’s theory Laws and numericals Atomic symbols, formulae of simple compounds Atomicity, Aromic mass, Molecular on mass and their definition Mole concept + Gram Atomic mass and Gram Molecular mass Mole concept + Gram Atomic mass and Gram Molecular mass Water Practice class + Advance Class (laws) Revision/Test + Advance class (Mole concept) Structure of the atom Charged particles, Cathode/Anode Ray Exp, Thomson’s model Rutherford & Bohr’s Model Discovery of sub-atomic particles and electronic distribution in shells Valency of various elements, Oxidation number, Atomic number and Atomic mass Isotopes, Isobars, Isotones, Isodiaphers and Isoelectronic species Practice Practice Lecture + Revision/ Test Periodic properties Dobernierls Triads, Newland’s law, Introduction ot Mendeelev Periodic Table Mendeelev Perodic Table & its anomalies Moderm Periodic Table and Position of Hydrogen Characteristics of Periods & Groups Periodicity trends Periodicity trends Practice / Advance (Detailed periodicity) Hydrogen Production of hydrogen Production of hydrogen Practice Advance Topics Quantum Numbers and Electronic Configuration Mole concept + Molarity, Molality Normality, Equivalent concept Laws of chemical combinations Colliods- lyophillic and lyophobic and examples. Techiques for elemental detection

### BIOLOGY SYLLABUS

 Unit Lecture Content The Fundamental unit of life Discovery of cell, Cell theory; Activity 5.1 What are living organisms made of? Microscope, Types of organisms Type of cells; Activity 5.2; cell shape, cell size, cell number, cell volume Cell organisation:- Plasma membrane and its functions, Activity 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6 Cell wall, Nucleus, Activity 5.7 Cytoplasm, cell organelles – Endomembrane system Mitochondria, Plastids Chapter revision and sybjective test Tissues Introduction – Are plants and animals made of same types of tissues? Plant tissues – Classification, Activity 6.1 Desoription of meristematic, Simple permanent tissues Protestine tissues, Activity 6.3, complex permanent tissues Animal tissues – classification, epithelial tissue Connective tissues, Muscular tissues, nervous tissues Chapter revision and sybjective test Improvement in food resources Crop production, crop season, Improvement in yields Crop variety improvement Crop production management- Nutrition management and water requirement of plants Cropping patterns, crop protection management Storage of grains, animal husbandry – cattle farming poultry farming, fish production, bee keeping Chapter revision and sybjective test Diversity in living organisms Basis of classification, classification and evolution, heirarchy of classification, system of classification Kingdom monera, kingdom protista, kingdom fungi Kingdom plantae Kingdom animalia – I Kingdom animalia – II Kingdom animalia – III, nomeclature Economic importance of bacteria Economic importance of fungi Chapter revision and sybjective test Why do we fall ill Health- its significance personal and community health, Disease and its causes, types of diseases Infections and non-infectious diseases, deficiency disease, means of spread of communicable diseases Symptom of diseases, principles of treatment, prevention, vaccination Bacteria Virus Parasites Chapter revision and sybjective test Natural Resources Classification of natural resources, air, composition of atmosphere and its layers, role in climate control Air pollution, sources and its harmful effects, acid rain, ozone depletion, global warming, water pollution Nitrogen cycle, nitrogen fixation, carbon cycle Oxygen cycle Chapter revision and sybjective test Extra Topics Dicot and monocot seed Germination of seeds Respiration in plants Respiration in plants Nurition : Classes of food, functions of carbohydrates, fats, protiens, minerals, water and vitamins Structure of tooth Digestive system Digestive system Function of skelton, axial and appendicular skelton Types of joints, structure and function of skin Skin Human repiratory system I Human repiratory system II

### MATHEMATICS SYLLABUS

 Unit Lecture Content Number Systems Numbers: Number Line (Rational). Decimal representation. Conversion of decimals into rational Non terminating recurring to p/q, Irrational No.s, Irrational number on number line Addition of 2 Nonterminating recurring decimals. Properties of exponents, Question on exponents. Question on exponents; Rationalisation Question on Rationalisation. Coordinate Geometry I Quadrants, Cartesian coordinate system Pts in Quadrant, Questions Straight line graph and plotting Concept of slope and y-intercept Polynomials Algebraic Identities; Question; Polynomials definition Question on identities and Rationalisation using identities Question on identities; Factorization. Factorization using identities and splitting the middle term, Cubic factorization. Zeroes of polynomial, Remainder theorem Factor theorem; Long division. Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry Aximos, postulates, Definitions theorem,Question Lines and Angles Types of angles; linear pair; Angle in a circle; Vertically opposite angles. Questions on Angles parallel lines, Transversal,corresponding and other angle properties. Question on angles and parallel lines. Questions. Triangles I Types; Angle sum property; Questions Exterior angle; Questions Buffer Congruency of triangles; Congruency rules isosceles triangle properties; Questions Questions on congruency NCERT and other Questions Inequality in a triangle. Heron’s Formula Different types figures and their areas, Heron’s formula. Pythagoras theorem Questions on Heron’s formula NCERT and other Questions Exponents and Logarithms Expansions and Factorization Indices and exponents Logarithms – intro Laws of logarithms Problem practice Linear Equations in Two Variables One variable, Two variable equations solution of linear equations Graph of linear equations in two variables. Questions on graph Questions on solution of linear equations in two variable. NCERT. Extra Question on linear equations. Quadrilaterals Types of Quadrilaterals, Polygon; Angle, sum property of Quadrilateral. Trapezium, isosceles trapezium, Parallelogram and properties of parallelogram and Rhombus Question on parallelogram/Rhombus Properties of Questions on parallelogram. Properties of rectangle, Rhombus and Square. Questions. Midpoint Theorem; Converse; Questions. Questions; Miscellaneous Commercial Maths Profit and loss Compound Interest Problem practice Area of Parallelogram and Triangle Properties/ theorem on areas Questions Triangles on same base and between the same parallel. Questions Questions NCERT full exercise and other Questions Buffer Trigonometry Trigonometric ratios – Intro Trigonometric ratios of standard angles Concept of sine and cosine being complementry Problem practice Constructions Bisector of line segment, bisector of angle, Construction of same standard angles, Construction of triangles Questions Surface Area and Volume Cube, Cubiod Questions Cylinder Questions Cone Questions Sphere, Hemisphere Questions. Circles Arc of circle, degree measure of arc, Congruent arcs, Chord, Sector, Segment. Results on congruent arcs and chords Questions Questions Results on equal chords; Questions. Angle subtended by arc at cnetre and in the segment. Questions Questions Cyclic quadrilateral results. Questions Questions Statistics Tally marks, frequency, table data, cumulative frequency Bar graph; Histogram Frequency polygon; Mean Mean of grouped data; Median; Mode Probability Definition; Questions Triangles II Midpoint Theorem Midpoint Theorem Similar Triangles; Basic Proportionality Theorem converse of BPT Questions on BPT Internal and external bisector theorem, Questions. Theorems based on B.P.T. Critertia for similarity of Triangles. (A.A.A), (S.S.S), (S.A.S); Questions. Questions Questions more on similarity of triangles (median, altitude angle bisector), Questions Areas of two similar Triangles. Questions Pythagoras theorem Extra Questions Coordinate Geometry II Definition; Distance formula; Questions Section formula; Questions Area of triangle; Question Mix Problems. Equation of a line Equation of a line Problem practice